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(Agence Ecofin) – Improvement in life expectancy in good health, a new impetus to fight against HIV in children, cases of bubonic plague in the DRC… overview of health news in Africa this week.

In Africa, healthy life expectancy (the number of years an individual enjoys good health) increased in the African Region by an average of ten years between 2000 and 2019. is revealed in the report “Monitoring Universal Health Coverage in the WHO African Region, 2022”, released recently.

Over the period under review, the figure rose to 56 years in 2019, from 46 years in 2000, marking the largest increase, compared to other regions of the world (global healthy life expectancy did not increase than five years during the same period). That said, it is still below the world average, which is 64 years.

This progress is due in particular to the improvement in the delivery of essential health services, progress in reproductive, maternal, neonatal and child health, as well as advances in the fight against infectious diseases. Overall, coverage of essential health services improved to 46% in 2019 from 24% in 2000.

Globally, only 52% of children living with HIV are receiving life-saving treatment, compared to 76% for adults. Also UNAIDS, UNICEF and WHO are launching a new Global Alliance to fight HIV AIDS in children, with a view to eradicating the virus in this demographic by 2030. The announcement was made by several high profile personalities this week at the International AIDS Conference being held in Montreal, Canada. In a press release issued on August 2, 2022, the WHO indicates the participation of this new alliance: United Nations agencies, civil society actors, in particular the Global Network of People Living with HIV, the national governments of the most affected, as well as international partners, such as PEPFAR and the Global Fund. A total of 12 countries joined the alliance during the first phase: South Africa, Angola, Cameroon, Côte d’Ivoire, Kenya, Mozambique, Nigeria, Uganda, the Republic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe. ” The wide disparities in treatment coverage that exist between children and adults are shocking said Winnie Byanyima, Executive Director of UNAIDS. ” This alliance will allow us to translate our indignation into concrete action. By combining new and improved medicines, renewed political commitment and determined community activism, we can be the generation that will end childhood AIDS. This victory is possible, but only in unity. On the African continent, the political launch of the Alliance should take place in Nigeria, on the occasion of a ministerial meeting to be held in October 2022.

Congo Brazzaville: a vast vaccination campaign against yellow fever

In Central Africa, the Republic of Congo (Congo Brazzaville), has launched a vast preventive mass vaccination campaign to vaccinate more than 93% of its population against yellow fever. The campaign, which begins this Friday, August 5, 2022, will target more than 4 million people in 11 of the country’s 12 departments, as indicated by the Global Vaccine Alliance (Gavi). For this operation, more than 13,800 health professionals will be mobilized by the Congolese government, in a seven-day campaign. The campaign is supported in particular by Gavi, UNICEF and WHO, their partners.

DRC: more than 500 suspected cases of plague reported in four months in Ituri

In the DRC, 537 suspected cases of plague are reported in the health zone of Rethy, located in the territory of Djugu, Ituri province, over the four-month period from March 27, 2022 to July 31, 2022. Information comes from a note from officials of the Plague Surveillance and Control Center (CSLP), taken up by the epidemiological surveillance association ProMed. The most affected health area is Lokpa with 43.2% of cases. The bubonic form (marked by an enlarged lymph node, called bubo) remains dominant, with 533 cases (99.2%) and 4 pulmonary cases, 3 of which were not notified until July 2022. Most subjects would have been contaminated during sleep, according to the first indications. The average age of patients is 17 years old. Women are the most affected, 54.6% against 45.4% for men.

72nd session of the WHO Africa Regional Committee, in Lomé

The 72nd session of the Africa Regional Committee of the World Health Organization (WHO) is being held this month, from August 22 to 26. The meeting will be hosted in Lomé, capital of Togo. According to the provisional agenda of WHO Africa, these meetings, in a hybrid format, will be structured around 5 pillars.

1 the continent life expectancy has improved in 10 years the weekly health update in africa

They will address issues such as the Regional Strategy for Addressing Serious Non-Communicable Diseases in First Level Health Facilities, the Framework for Strengthening the Implementation of the Comprehensive Mental Health Action Plan, Protection from financial risks towards universal health coverage in the WHO African Region, a Framework for the integrated control, elimination and eradication of tropical and vector-borne diseases in the African Region 2022-2030, or the strengthening of the UN agency, for more effective and efficient support provided to African countries.

Food poisoning in Sierra Leone (83 cases, including 1 death)

In Sierra Leone, 83 people are suspected of having been victims of food poisoning, reports the WHO in its weekly bulletin devoted to health emergencies in the African region. This after attending a graduation party on July 26, 2022. One person (a 14-month-old baby girl) succumbed to her illness, while around 150 people attended the event, which took place in the Nyandeyama section of Kenema city (the third largest city in the country, located in Eastern Province, about 300 km east of Freetown.) Women accounted for the majority of cases (58), along with children under 18 (57 cases). As of July 28, 2022, 32 patients have been discharged from hospital.

Ayi Renaud Dossavi

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